Glossary | Fluid Attacks Help

Glossary

Black box

The black box is a service where the hacker does not have access to source code or information of the IT structure of the project, having only access to IP and URL, environments being these services deployed.

CI/CD pipeline

This pipeline is a series of organized steps or tasks that, mainly in an automated way, allow the successful and fast release of a new software version. Among the activities that take place are the compilation of the source code, the distribution of packages, the execution of quality and security tests and the deployment to different environments.

Cloud security posture management (CSPM)

CSPM is a set of practices for monitoring and managing security configurations and compliance with standards across cloud resources. CSPM assesses IaC scripts, container images and cloud environments and services to identify misconfigurations, policy violations and other security issues.

Continuous deployment (CD)

CD is a process that follows CI. When merged, the different code changes made by developers shape a software product that can be deployed in a test or production environment. Automated procedures are executed to build the product, verify that it meets acceptance requirements and perform a proper deployment at the expected time, often directly to the end users.

Continuous integration (CI)

CI is a practice in which a development team constantly uploads changes, either additions or removals, to a central repository. Automated procedures are run each time to validate that the modifications made to the code meet predefined requirements and to ensure that they integrate smoothly into the software.

CVSS

The Common Vulnerability Scoring System or CVSS is a free and open industry standard for assessing the severity of computer system security vulnerabilities. CVSS attempts to assign severity scores to vulnerabilities, allowing responders to prioritize responses and resources according to threat. Scores are calculated based on a formula that depends on several metrics that approximate ease of exploit and the impact of exploit. Scores range from 0 to 10, with 10 being the most severe.

CVSSF

The CVSSF metric is a creation of Fluid Attacks. It shows the level of risk exposure represented by the vulnerabilities in your system. The CVSSF allows an aggregate analysis of vulnerabilities. The scale that is handled is from 0.015625 to 4096.

Dynamic application security testing (DAST)

DAST is a security testing technique for detecting security vulnerabilities in an application. It assesses the running software without accessing its source code, using various attack vectors in search of unexpected behavior and weaknesses related to its deployment configuration, data and business logic.

Health Check

Consists of performing manual tests on the previously developed system before the Advanced plan service starts. Vulnerabilities are identified, exploited, and in a complete way (code, application, and current system infrastructure).
Note: The Health Check is optional, but if it is not executed, there will be parts of the application that will never be tested and, therefore, vulnerabilities with the risk of exploitation. If the health check is not performed, the accuracy SLA does not apply.

Mailmaps

These are the rules that must be followed at the time of documenting the mailmap:

  1. Use the email address of the provider over the one of the client.
    • Use <eduardo.garcia@company.com> over Eduardo Garcia <eduardo.garcia@corporation.com> or EduardoGarcia <egarcia@institute.edu.co>.
  2. Do not map by default a non-corporate email such as userdeveloper <user123@gmail.com>.
  3. In order to map a non-corporate email to a corporate one, written request from the client is required.

Manual penetration testing (MPT)

MPT is a cybersecurity assessment method in which skilled human testers (aka ethical hackers or pentesters) actively simulate real-world cyberattacks on systems, applications or networks. MPT primarily aims to identify and exploit vulnerabilities that are out of reach for automated tools.

Reverse engineering (RE)

RE is an outside-in process of deconstructing software for analyzing and understanding its design, structure and functionality in depth. In RE, experts (aka reverse engineers) unravel the source code and its components and functions to discover how that specific technology works and whether it has security issues.

Software composition analysis (SCA)

SCA is a technique for identifying and analyzing third-party components and dependencies in software. Regarding security, SCA assesses libraries, frameworks and packages to know their versions and detect vulnerabilities, conflicting licenses and other software quality issues.

Static application security testing (SAST)

SAST is a security testing technique for identifying security vulnerabilities in an application's source code. It examines the non-running code to look for programming patterns, misconfigurations and insecure practices that attackers could exploit.

Target of Evaluation (ToE)

The Target of Evaluation or ToE is the product or system that will be the subject of the penetration testing done by Fluid Attacks. The ToE is mostly defined by specifying which git repositories and/or environments you want us to check by adding Git Roots and its environments in the Scope section of a group.

White box

The white box is a service where the hacker has all the information privileges such as Git roots, credentials, source code and environments.